Lair Of The Multimedia Guru

December 6, 2005

Correcting 2 bit errors with CRCs

1 and 2 bit errors can easily be corrected by using the following code snippet, a complete example is available too.

    unsigned int i,v=1;
    for(i=0; i<block_size ; i++){
        crctab[i][0]= i ? (v^1) : v;
        crctab[i][1]= i;
        v= (v<<1) ^ (G & (((int)v)>>31));
    }

    qsort(crctab, BLOCK_SIZE, 2*sizeof(int), cmp);

static int get_error(unsigned int crc, unsigned int len, int error[2]){
    int i;

    for(i=0; i<len ; i++){
        int *result= bsearch(&crc, crctab, BLOCK_SIZE, 2*sizeof(int), cmp);
        if(result){
            error[0]= i;
            error[1]= result[1] + i;
            return 1 + (result != crctab[0]);
        }
        crc= (crc>>1) ^ (((G>>1)|0x80000000) & (-(crc&1)));
    }
    return -1;
}

Note, if you want to use this in anything where speed matters, then you should replace the qsort/bsearch with some hash table, i didnt as the c stadard doesnt contain any useable hashtable implementation and i was lazy

Filed under: Error Correcting Codes — Michael @ 0:18

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